Sarong is made of various materials; cotton, polyester, rayon or silk. Sarong can also made of tie-on weaving (tenun ikat), songket or tapis cloth. Traditionally, sarong is produced using dyeing, drawing and weaving technique.
The drawing technique is usually applied to make high quality batik sarong. This technique utilizes a drawing tool called Canting, which is filled with hot candle, to draw the desired motif on a piece of cloth. Whereas, weaving technique is applied to create Songket and Tapis sarong.
Sarong has become one of Indonesia’s cultural icon, not merely Muslim identity. Sarong with various motifs and colour, symbolizes the greatness of Indonesian culture. The use of sarong in Indonesia is identical to honour, politeness and prestige.
Sarong has also become one of traditional clothing complement, such as West Sumatra, Aceh, Lampung and Bugis. In Java, Sarong is often combined with kebaya, Javanese traditional women upper outfit.
Sarong motif is generally geometric or crossing lines, both vertical and horizontal. Whereas, sarong for traditional clothing has more varied motifs.
Batik sarong motif, for example, is flowery or leafy, with a mixture of natural colors. While Tapis Sarong motif is natural, containing flora and fauna shape, woven with gold and silver colored thread.